Economy Summary from FPN Baseline Review
The Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Forestry Development of the People’s Republic of China (2016-2020):
One of the key documents guiding China’s current forestry development is the 13th Forestry Five Year Plan (FYP) for 2016 to 2020 , which in turn feeds into the 13th National Five Year Plan.
Under the 13th National FYP, China aims to increase forest cover area from around 21% in 2015 to 23% in 2020. In its INDCs, China also set a goal to increase forest cover by 117 million ha by 2050 and forest stock volume by 4.5 billion m3 by 2030 (compared to 2005 levels).
The 13th Forestry FYP outlines the following major areas of focus:
- Focusing on ecological improvement as the fundamental rationale for forestry development
- Strengthening forestry industries
- Protecting natural resources and biodiversity
- Prioritizing reform and innovation as key driving forces for forestry development
- Implementing law-based forestry administration to safeguard forests
- Strengthening international cooperation in the forestry sector
The geographic scope of forestry activities will be carried out according to the “One circle”, “Three zones” and “Five belts” strategies, described as follows:
- One circle – refers to the metropolitan areas surrounding Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, where one of the focus areas is urban forest development.
- Three zones – refers to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the Northwest, natural forests in the Northeast, and forests in Southern China.
- Five belts – refers to the North China desertification prevention belt, the Silk Road ecological protection belt, the Yangtze River ecological conservation belt, the Loess Plateau-Sichuan and Yunnan ecological restoration belt, and the coastal protection and disaster reduction belt (in areas including the economy’s coastlines).
State Forestry and Grassland Administration